The following is only a brief exploration of the history of the Hmong peoples, so no attempt is being made to enter
'every word' of their history, but rather only to provide a time line showing the appearances of the Hmong, as compared to other noteworthy events elsewhere.
For those of you who want to learn more about the Hmong and other tribal peoples, I hope these pages stimulate you to begin , or continue, your research.
But first, to discover who the Hmong are, we also need to examine some world events through time
and see where China, Laos, Vietnam, Thailand , Burma, Tibet, the Hmong and their ancestors fit into the history of South East Asia.
A Brief Glimpse Into Southeast Asian History and the Hmong
Around 4,500 years ago the Hmong lived in China's Hebei province, where their
leader was the legendary warrior Chief Chiyou (Ciyou), and his people were
many confederated tribes and they united were known as the Jiuli Tribe.
As Chinese population grew, they expanded
southward into Hmong territory, where
ten wars were fought between the two sides on the
northwestern part of modern-day Beijing (Peking) , where the Hmong won nine battles but lost the tenth.
After so many battles fought against the Chinese, so many losses of lives, and after their defeat in the 10th battle, the Hmong took that as an omen to migrate southward into the lower reaches of the Yellow River
where they re-established the San-Miao Kingdom led by Tao Tie and Huan Tuo.
Ta Mung people are mentioned in Chinese Annals, as early as 2200 B.C., as living in Szechuan Province, where the Hmong reside.
The Mung are described as belonging to the Ai-Lao race.
Following the battles, northwest of modern-day Beijing around 2,500 B.C., with the expanding empire of the Hun, the Hmong had moved southward into the lower reaches of the Yellow River
where they re-established the San-Miao (You Miao, Miao Min)
Kingdom led by Tao Tie and Huan Tuo.
For a long time, in these new lands, the San-Miao Kingdom competed with the
Huangdi Tribe and Yandi Tribe, who were ancestors of the Hun people that
moved southward from the upper reaches of the Yellow River, on the heals of the Hmong, who were then farming former Hmong lands.
But by 2200 B.C. the ancestors of the Huns again expanded their lands southward into the lands occupied by the Hmong and once again the San-Miao Kingdom was defeated, but this time the San-Miao peoples were almost exterminated.
The genocide to the San-Miao Kingdom was so disasterious, that for the few survivors to survive into the future they fled, spreading into small family groups living seperated in the mountains of south and southwest China's
Hubei , Hunan, Jiangxi provinces, also living in the areas of Dongting Lake and
Poyang Lake, where the Hmong people could never be united again, and be strong as their former San-Miao Kingdom.
Near the Dongting Lake and
Poyang Lake areas, the Hmong migrating there were absorbed into or absorbed other tribes already there and formed the Chu Kingdom during the Eastern Zhou and Qin Dynasties.
Archaeologists have unearthed early pottery and bronze culture
implements from an advanced culture that lived in the middle Mekong Valley for over 2,500 years, between 2,000 B.C. to 500 A.D.
Could they have been survivors of the San-Miao Kingdom ?
Meanwhile in Europe : Stonehenge was being built (c. 2,000 BC)
In the Northeast of present day Thailand a dominate culture existed with advanced
technology, much of whose artifacts are being found in the Nong Han District of Udon Thani Province. These include evidence of Bronze metallurgy.
The highly advanced prehistoric peoples are believed to have extended / shared their trade goods, influence and religious
astro-alignment enginering concepts via worldwide navigation , in such places as in
China, Cambodia (Khmer), Vietnam, Burma, and other Southeast Asian vicinities, seaward into
South Pacific locations such as Indonesia, and evidence appears to exist that includes a prehistoric cultural contribution island hoping contact with Central America and North America.
Archaeologist research suggest catastrophic environmental situations occured at 1628 B.C. , 1159 B.C., and A
.D. 540 that may have been caused by encounters with comets, resulting in adverse situations on Earth related to drought, crop failures, related sickness and desperate migrations.
Archaeologist research suggest catastrophic environmental situations occured at 1628
B.C., 1159 B.C., and A.D. 540 that may have been caused by encounters with comets, resulting in adverse situations on Earth related to drought, crop failures, related sickness and desperate migrations.
Meanwhile in Israel : David becomes King of Israel.
Italy : Traditional date of the
foundation of Rome is 753 BC
In Laos, an advanced culture created Giant
jars ( that vary in size from 11 to 2.5 meters height and up to 2.7 meters in diameter, weighing between one and six tons each) carved from solid rock found in Xieng Khouang province of Laos.
NOTE : The age of these stone jars are argued being between 2,000 to 15,000 years old.
Meanwhile in America : Adena and Hopewell cultures dominate large areas of
North America (c.500 BC - 400 AD)
Elsewhere : In India,
Gautama Siddharta the Buddha died at age believed to be eighty, and thus was probably born in 563 BC..